EMT Intermediate provides a more advanced prehospital medical care than EMT Basic in ambulances. EMT Intermediate training is required if you want to become an EMT-I certified in your state. EMT-I works in cooperation with other EMT-B and paramedics. EMT-I training will need additional hours of instructions, laboratory training, clinical training along with other healthcare professionals in emergency departments and field placements. The course can last six months to a year depending on the state you are in. Some of the skills you’ll acquire include assessment, recognition, and management of medical emergencies under the supervision of a medical control physician.
EMT-I can chose to specialize in Cardiac or Shock Trauma. Shock Trauma specialization allows the EMT Intermediate to administer intravenous fluids and Cardiac specialization can analyze hearth rhythms and administer heart related medications.
There two level of EMT-I courses you can chose from, the first level called the EMT-I/85 allows you to administer prescription medication in addition to other EMT-I skills. At a higher level EMT-I/99 courses allows you to administer medicine to regulate abnormal heart rhythms, do advanced airway opening techniques, and the knowledge to perform chest decompression of collapsed lung victims.
EMT Intermediate Training Requirements
You need to complete the EMT Basic or EMT-B training, a current EMT Basic certificate, and one full year of working experience as an EMT Basic. And you still need your high school diploma or GED, CPR card at the healthcare provider level and the required criminal background check.
EMT Intermediate Training Curriculum
The NHTSA or National Traffic Highway Transportation Administration provides the standard and guidelines for the curriculum used in the EMT Intermediate training. The curriculum will look something like the following:
Preparatory: Provides understanding of roles and responsibilities of an EMT Intermediate, medical and legal issues, anatomy and physiology, pharmacology, using intravenous needle placement, administering medication, and obtaining blood samples.
Airway: You’ll learn airway management and ventilation.
Patient Assessment: Taking history and physical examination, documenting patient assessment, care and transport.
Trauma: Includes understanding of mechanism of injuries, the trauma patient from shock, burn injuries, extremity trauma, and more.
Medical: Deals with assessing and managing medical emergencies like respiratory, cardiovascular, diabetic, neurological, environmental, behavioral, and more.
Special Considerations: Assessment and management of obstetrical emergency, neonatal resuscitation, pediatric patients, and geriatric patients.
Assessment Based Management: Deals with principles of assessment based management to make proper assessment and implement management plans for patients with common issues.
For a complete and detailed information about the Emergency Medical Technician Intermediate: National Standard Curriculum, you can visit this page.
Successful completion of the EMT Intermediate training will allow you to take the EMT Intermediate certification examination.